Tylecodon cacalioides


Succulentopedia

Tylecodon cacalioides (Sulphur Butterbush)

Tylecodon cacalioides (Sulphur Butterbush), also listed as Tylecodon cacaliodes, is a succulent shrub, up to 3.3 feet (1 m) tall, that has…


Tylecodon Cacalioides Seeds, Succulent Seeds, Variety#065

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Cactus and Succulent are a type of desert plant that has thick, leafless stems covered in prickly spines or sharp spikes. Cactus and Succulent plants are able to thrive in dry climates because they store water in their stems. Some large cactus varieties can store an impressive amount of water.

We have collected Over 50+ varieties of the Cactus Seeds and Over 60+ Varieties of Succulent Seeds from South Africa, the USA. All of our seeds are imported with a high-quality germination rate.

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Growing a Cactus/Succulent seed may need some skill and experience. You may refer to the following steps to grow the Cactus seeds. According to our experience, the germination rate is almost 100 %.

NOTE: Some of the Cactus and Succulent seed are very tiny like a dust, please be careful to open the package.

1. Fill a pot with high-drainage soil. We recommend planting the Cactus and Succulent seeds directly in the soil.

2. Water the soil well, then let the water drain.

3. Spread the seeds on the surface, then cover them with a thin layer of soil. Please note, some of the succulent/cactus are very tiny like dust, please be careful to take them out from the packaging.

4. Leave the pot in a greenhouse or on a cool windowsill not directly under the sun, covered with a clear plastic bag to preserve soil moisture. If the surface is too dry, you may spray the water on the surface, please do not add too much water. Please be patient to wait for the Cactus/Succulent to grow, it may take 2 – 4 weeks for them to grow.

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Tylecodon cacalioides - garden

Origin and Habitat: Northern Cape and Western Cape (Bokkeveld Escarpment to Gifberg), South Africa. Area of occurrence less than 20 km² and Southern Namibia.
Habitat and Ecology: Bokkeveld Sandstone Fynbos. This species occurs on cool and windswept levels and only in the shallowest rock pans (gritty soil) with a thin layer of coarse sand in quartzite pavement rocks of the Table Mountain Sandstone formation. O. cacalioides is potentially thereatened by habitat degradation, collection and trampling by livestock.

Description: Othonna cacalioides is a tiny, compact, glabrous, succulent, that may branch into as many as 20 or more short, stumpy heads, all scarcely above soil level, with a flattened, tuber-like stem, or caudex, below ground. After spring rain, small bright leaves are produced which die away in summer when their small yellow, daisy-like flowers are formed. In summer and autumn it shows only the bare fleshy stems. O. cacalioides is a member of the short caudiciform group and one that is likely to appear on the wanted list of many succulent plant collectors, this is one of the smallest of all succulents in the family Compositae.
Stem: Tuberous, flattened, potato-like, mostly below ground, broader than tall, to 9 cm in diameter or more, with a pale-brown or dull orangish, leathery, tough, glossy bark with white-woolly scars. Branches reduced to low hump, very thick, stumpy and fleshy to 2 cm in diameter.
Leaves: Tufted, obovate or spatulate, tapering at base into a narrow petiole, very obtuse, 2-2.5 cm long, 8-10 mm wide, thickish coriaceous, faintly 3-nerved, entire or minutely toothed, the margin thickened and subreflexed. The leaves are deciduous, and arise from a woolly tuft or sheathing base.
Inflorescence: Peduncle 2-8 cm long, twice as long as the leaves, one- to six-headed. Heads (capitula) small 5-7 mm in diameter, few-flowered. Involucre lobes (phyllaries) mostly 5, very broad. Ray florets5-8, yellow, limb recurved. Disc florets 12-30, yellow.
Fruits (achenes): Densely pubes-cent.
Remarks: Plants with single or little branched stems were previously known as Othonna pygmaea. However the distinguishing characteristics of O. pygmaea, appear to fall within the natural variation of O. cacalioides and most authors have dismissed "pygmaea" as perhaps not worthy of even varietal status, but it still has a value for a collector because they identify plants with particular characters.

Bibliography: Major references and further lectures
1) Urs Eggli “Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants: Dicotyledons” Springer Science & Business Media, 2002
2) W. H. Harvey, “Flora Capensis”, Vol 3, 1894) Author: (By).
3) Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. "Cape Plants: A conspectus of the Cape Flora of South Africa". Strelitzia 9. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town.
4) William Aiton, “Hortus Kewensis: Or, A Catalogue of the Plants Cultivated in the Royal Botanic Garden at Kew”, Volume 3, George Nicol, 1789
5) Veld & flora, Volume 2, page 56, Botanical Society of South Africa, 197
6) Hall, A.V., De Winter, M., De Winter, B. and Van Oosterhout, S.A.M. 1980. “Threatened plants of southern Africa”. South African National Scienctific Programmes Report 45. CSIR, Pretoria.
7) Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. “Red data list of southern African plants”. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
8) Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. and Manyama, P.A. 2009. “Red List of South African Plants”. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
9) Victor, J.E. 2002. South Africa. In: J.S. Golding (ed), “Southern African plant Red Data Lists”. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 14 (pp. 93-120), SABONET, Pretoria.
10) van Jaarsveld, E.J., Helme, N.A. & Raimondo, D. 2005. Othonna cacalioides L.f. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2018/10/27
11) Keith Grantham, Paul Klaassen, “The plantfinder's guide to cacti & other succulents” Timber Press, 18 May 1999


Othonna cacalioides. One year old seedling, the first flowering bud. Photo by: © Plantemania

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The gallery now contains thousands of pictures, however it is possible to do even more. We are, of course, seeking photos of species not yet shown in the gallery but not only that, we are also looking for better pictures than those already present. Read More.

Cultivation and Propagation: Othonna cacalioides is much sought-after by collectors, but one of the slowest and most difficult to grow in cultivation.


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