Mimulus (Mimulus), also called a lipstick, is a representative of the Frim family. This genus is represented by herbaceous plants and shrubs. Such plants in the wild can be found in all regions with a temperate climate except Europe. Previously, this genus was part of the Noricidae family. The scientific name of the plant comes from the Latin word "mimus", which translates as "imitator, mime", this is due to the changeable variegated color of the flower, as well as its unusual shape, which is similar to the face of a monkey. This genus unites about 150 species, while most of them in the wild can be found in the western part of North America in damp places, and also in deserts and mountains at an altitude of 2.5 thousand meters above sea level. In the middle latitudes, mimulus has not yet gained great popularity among gardeners.
The flowering plant is perennial, but it is cultivated in the middle latitudes as an annual. But there are quite frost-resistant species that are not afraid of frosts down to minus 20 degrees. The height of semi-shrubs reaches 1.5 meters, while herbaceous plants grow no higher than 0.7 m. Branched creeping or erect shoots may be naked or have pubescence on their surface. Opposite leaf plates are often ovoid. Loose racemose inflorescences consist of spotted or monochromatic flowers that have an irregular shape and reach a diameter of 50 mm. They have a tubular corolla with a bipartite upper lip bent back, while a three-lobed lower lip is pushed forward. The fruit is a box with small brown seeds inside. The ripe box is cracked into 2 parts.
Such a plant is used to decorate rock gardens, flower beds, and it is also grown in containers and suspended structures. Mimulus can also be used as a ground cover plant.
My mimulus (lipstick) is blooming. Miracle!
In room conditions, it is necessary to sow lipstick seeds in the last days of March or the first ones in April. Due to the fact that the seeds are very small in size, it is very difficult to evenly distribute them over the surface of the substrate. In this regard, Mimulus seedlings need a mandatory pick. The soil used for sowing should be light and loose, so a universal substrate that includes perlite and coconut fiber is ideal for this purpose, do not forget to add a small amount of clean sand to it. Seeds are simply spread over the surface of the substrate and, without embedding, are watered from a spray bottle. Then the container must be covered with glass or foil and placed in a well-lit, cool enough (from 15 to 18 degrees) place. If everything is done correctly, then you can see the first seedlings after two or three days.
After most of the seedlings appear, the plants can begin to stretch. To prevent this, it is necessary to rearrange the container in the most illuminated and cooler (from 10 to 12 degrees) place. It is necessary to water the seedlings daily and do it in the afternoon. It is also recommended to spray the seedlings regularly from a finely dispersed spray bottle. After the fourth true leaf begins to form in the plants, they will need to be dived into individual cups. In this case, 3 or 4 plants should be planted in each glass. When the seedlings take root in a new place, they will need to be fed; for this, potassium fertilizer of low concentration is used. The second time the plants are fed after 1–1.5 weeks.
How to plant Mimulus with seeds
Seedlings should be hardened in the first days of May. As a rule, in half a month of such procedures, the plants have time to fully adapt to outdoor conditions. Planting plants in open soil should be done after warm weather sets in, and there is no threat of night frosts, as a rule, this time falls in mid-May. Mimulus can be grown both in partial shade and in well-lit areas. The soil needs humus, loamy, slightly acidic (with the introduction of peat). The site needs to be prepared, for this they dig it, level the surface and water it. Seedlings must also be watered before planting.
First you need to prepare the holes. Their size and depth should be such that a clod of earth for the plant along with the root system can freely fit. A distance of 0.2–0.3 m should be kept between the bushes. The seedlings should be carefully transferred into the holes.
In the event that the spring is quite warm in the region where mimulus is grown, then sowing seeds can be done directly in open soil from mid to late April. However, it should be borne in mind that the average air temperature during the day should be kept at around 15-18 degrees. The seeds are simply spread over the surface of the plot and, without embedding in the soil, are covered with a transparent film. The shelter should be removed only after the first seedlings appear. Strengthened and grown plants must be thinned out.
It is quite easy to grow a lipstick, as it is a relatively unpretentious plant. To make the bushes more lush, young plants must be pinched.
This plant is very fond of moisture, in this regard, it needs to be provided with frequent and systematic watering, especially in summer. It should be noted that the soil near the bushes should always be slightly damp. If small holes appear on the surface of the leaf plates, this indicates that watering must be reduced. After each watering, it is recommended to loosen the soil surface near the plants, while pulling out the weeds.
Top dressing is done once every 4 weeks. To do this, use a solution of a mineral complex fertilizer (15 ml for 10 liters of water).
Throughout the growing season, the lipstick blooms 2 times: in spring and autumn. The duration of the first stage of flowering is several weeks. After its completion, it is necessary to trim the bushes as short as possible and feed them. After a short time, they will grow new stems, and the plants will bloom even more luxuriantly than before. In order to preserve the high decorativeness of Mimulus during the flowering period, it is necessary to promptly cut off the flowers and inflorescences that have begun to fade.
Grown in the garden, the lipstick is very resistant to diseases and pests. However, the seedlings of such a plant can get sick with powdery mildew or black leg. Infected seedlings must be sprayed with a fungicide solution. In hot weather, there is a high probability of infection of the plant with gray rot. The affected specimens will need to be dug up and burned, because this disease has not yet been effectively treated.
If you water the bushes very abundantly, then gastropods can settle on them. For prevention purposes, the regime and abundance of watering should be reviewed, and the surface of the site should be covered with a layer of mulch (sawdust). Also, these flowers can be chosen by whiteflies and aphids, in this case they will need to be treated with a solution of acaricide, for example, Aktara or Aktellik.
Mimulus are perennial plants, but they are thermophilic. If desired, the bushes can be saved if they are cut off in autumn, carefully removed from the ground and planted in pots that need to be brought into the house. For planting, a not very large container is chosen. These flowers are placed on a windowsill in a fairly cool room. With the onset of spring, the bushes should be planted in open soil.
Gardeners cultivate only a small part of the mimulus species. All of them will be described below.
The homeland of this species is the southwestern regions of the United States. The height of such a thermophilic mimulus is about 100 centimeters. The foliage is glossy, dark green. The color of the flowers is salmon pink or orange, the diameter of their corolla is about 40 mm. The stems of such a plant must be tied to a support, because they lean towards the surface of the soil and begin to creep along it. Such a spectacular flower is often grown in containers and also in hanging baskets. It should be moved to a cool room for the winter.
His homeland is southern California, as well as the border regions of Mexico and the United States. The color of the flowers is iridescent. They can be painted in various shades of dark red. At the corolla, the inside is orange in color.
His homeland is Chile. It was discovered in the early 18th century by a French priest, Father Feye, who traveled to South America. And in 1763 Karl Linnaeus described such a flower. This perennial plant is cultivated as an annual. The height of branched erect shoots is about 0.6 m. The leaf plates can be bare or have pubescence, and their shape is cordate or ovoid, along the edge there are sharp teeth. Axillary or terminal inflorescences consist of yellow flowers. It has been cultivated since 1812. This species is grown by gardeners relatively rarely.
This species was discovered by G.I. Langsdorf in 1808. At the beginning, such plants in nature could only be found in the western regions of North America. After some time, they spread to the east and north of the mainland, and this species also ended up in New Zealand and in Europe (in regions with a temperate climate). This happened due to the fact that this plant is plastic and polymorphic. The height of the bush is about 0.8 m. Shoots are erect and branched. The color of the flowers is yellow, on the surface of the throat of the corolla there is a dark red speck. This species has a variegated form - Richard Bish: the color of the foliage is greenish-gray, there is a white edging on the plates.
This species is also native to North America. Such a perennial plant is cultivated as an annual. The pubescent shoot branches from the very base. The height of compact bushes is about 0.4–0.6 m. Opposite ovoid leaf plates have convex veins and a serrated edge. Flowers are tubular, fragrant, have a double-lipped limb, their color is scarlet-red. They are located in the leaf axils on long pedicels. Cultivated since 1853 Popular varieties:
Originally from Chile. The height of such a perennial plant does not exceed 12-15 centimeters. The bare stems rise only slightly from the soil surface. Axillary flowers are located on short peduncles and have an orange-copper or red-copper color, the diameter of the flowers is about 30 mm. Over time, the color of the flowers becomes yellow-golden. Cultivated since 1861. Garden forms:
This perennial plant, unlike other species of mimulus, is cultivated as a perennial. Many thin stems reach 15 centimeters in height. The rosette consists of oblong or ovoid leaf plates. Long peduncles have yellow flowers.
This species is a North American endemic. This herbaceous perennial plant has fuzzy shoots and leafy plates that secrete a mucus that smells like musk. In length, the shoots reach about 0.3 m, they can be creeping or erect. The length of opposite leaf plates does not exceed 60 millimeters, they have an oval shape. The diameter of the yellow flowers is about 25 millimeters.
This type of lipstick is typical. The height of such a herbaceous perennial can vary from 0.2 to 1 meter. Its shoots are branched. Oval leaf plates are opposite. Small flowers are painted in lavender color.
This is the group name for various varieties and forms that were born when crossing yellow mimulus and speckled mimulus. The color of the flowers of these hybrids is distinguished by the fact that it is spotted. As a rule, the height of the bushes does not exceed 0.25 meters. Egg-shaped leaf plates have a serrated edge. The axillary or terminal brushes include variegated flowers. This type is most popular with gardeners. The most popular varieties:
Venidium is a South African herb with showy flowers. It belongs to the Asteraceae family. Typically, in temperate latitudes, Venidium is grown as an annual, although in warm southern regions, some species of this flower can be grown as perennials.
Venidium inflorescences combine the usual shape of sunflower or chamomile flowers with an unusual variegated color. This is why it is also known as "African chamomile". The size of the inflorescences can reach 14 cm. The long petals of Venidium can combine several contrasting shades and look quite impressive against the background of large saturated green leaf plates, lobed or dissected. They are located along the entire length of the stem. The root system of the flower does not lie too deep.
The genus Venidium includes about two dozen species, but only a few of them are found in mid-latitude gardens. Moreover, according to another classification, this plant belongs to the genus Arktotis as one of its groups.
Reproduction is carried out by seeds and dividing the bush. Seeds can be sown in spring and late autumn. Sowing is possible as early as possible in the spring, at the first opportunity to go out into the garden. In the fall, they try to wait for the cold dry weather after the Indian summer, so that the sown seeds do not sprout until spring.
For the northern regions, it is advisable to grow seedlings and plant them in the garden after the retreat of severe cold weather. Not all seeds germinate, so stock up on more.
How to plant erigeron seeds in the ground
To sow small-petaled seeds in the ground:
Grown plants are planted at a distance of 30-40 cm.
What shoots of erigeron look like photo
For seedlings, small petals are sown in pots or boxes in early March. Shoots appear for a long time, young plants develop slowly. Use fertile soil, moisten it, distribute the seeds evenly, lightly press them into the soil, do not sprinkle.
Maintain a minimum distance of 2 to 3 cm between seedlings if sowing in a shared container. Build a mini-greenhouse by covering the crops with foil, bag or glass.
Maintain a humid environment and a temperature of 10-15 ° C - you can place the container on a cold windowsill or closed balcony. At the end of the month, expect the first shoots. They will be thin, small, but gradually they will get stronger, take root, and grow. Water gently with small amounts of warm water.
Erigeron growing from seeds photo of seedlings
When the plants get crowded, transplant them carefully in separate cups. But it is better to plant two or three seeds separately in cups, so that later you do not suffer with a pick. The strongest sprout is left, the rest are cut with scissors.
At the end of March, small petals seedlings can be transplanted into the ground. Proceed carefully, it is better to pass with an earthen lump so that the fragile roots are not damaged.
Even after several months of growth in a permanent place, the plants will not be particularly strong, the first years should be covered for the winter so that the roots do not freeze.
The most popular types of phacelia are Tansy, Silvery, Lance-shaped, Silky, Twisted, Pursha, Bell-shaped, Full-cluster, Variegated, Layel and Bolander. Most often, these herbaceous crops are grown as an ornamental decoration.
A rare species native to northern California. Prefers to grow in coastal areas with sandy slopes or dunes. A feature of this species is its drooping and ascending half-meter stems, pubescent leaf plates of a silvery shade with a shiny surface and small spherical white flowers.
differs in several pubescent branched stems and deeply cut leaf plates. The average height of the stem is 40 cm. The inflorescences consist of numerous blue or purple flowers with elongated stamens. Varieties:
This species also has such names as Californian phacelia or Californian bell - an annual with fragile erect stems of a reddish hue, blue-green leaves about 6 cm in length and flowers - dark blue bells about 3 cm in diameter. Popular variety:
A species that is the latest discovery of breeders. The plant is distinguished by half-meter stems, densely pubescent dark green leaves, two-colored purple-white flowers of a very small size (no more than 3 mm in diameter).
It differs in the height of shoots up to 50 cm, pubescent with light green leaf plates and twisted inflorescences of very small blue flowers.
A plant of half a meter in height with very small flowers of a white or purple hue, common in America. It prefers to grow in dense thickets of wormwood or in coniferous forests. The surface of the leaf plates is covered with dense silvery hairs. Popular variety:
A species with extending stems and inflorescences of large purple-blue flowers - bells. Most often found in "redwood" forests.