By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist
Picture a tomato with a fluted, rounded shape and brightpink flesh and you’ve got an image of Zapotec pink pleated tomato plants. Theirform is intriguing and beautiful but the flavor is also exceptional. The plantsare said to be from the Oaxacan region in Mexico and grown by the Zapotectribe. Try growing these funky fruits which are a conversation starter all ontheir own.
Pleats, ruffles, and fluting all describe the fruit ofZapotec pink pleated tomatoes. What is a pink Zapotec tomato? This tomatovariety is also known as Oaxacan Ribbed, a nod to the region and appearance ofthe fruits. These heirloom tomatoes are late season, so you have to wait untillate summer before you can enjoy their sweet-tangy flavor.
Gardeners growing Zapotec tomatoes can expect indeterminatetype plants which will vine and sprawl, requiring space and support. The fruitsare a medium sized handful and have a nice balance of acid and sweet. Becausethey have scalloped bodies, they make a nice ruffled slice, very decorativewhen served with a bit of olive oil and basil. The larger fruits developcavities inside which provides a convenient space for stuffing.
This is a heavy producer in high heat locations. Seeds arenot widely available, but this is one tomatoplant that is worth sourcing.
Prepare a garden bed by tilling deeply and incorporatingplenty of organic material. Start seeds indoors in most locations, 8 weeksprior to planting outside. Expect sprouts in 6 to 10 days. Wait until alldanger of frost has passed and plants have at least two sets of true leavesbefore transplanting outdoors.
Hardenoff seedlings prior to situating them in the prepared beds. Set themoutside in a sunny but protected location for 1 to 2 weeks before disturbing theirroots. Gently unfurl roots in the planting hole and press soil around them,watering in well. Provide stakesor a tomatocage for support as the plant grows.
You will need to manage the stems as the plant grows bytraining them to the support structure. Plants can grow up to 6 feet (1.8 m.)tall and will need a very sturdy structure to withstand the girth of the plantand the heavy fruits.
These are fairly drought tolerant plants but will fruit bestwith consistent moisture. Provide water under the leaves, at the root zone toavoid fungal issues.
Several pests are common to tomatoes. Watch for insects andcombat accordingly.
Side dress plants with compost or well-rotted manure.Harvest in about 80 days. Use fruit in salsas, sauces, fresh and even roasted.
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What’s a determinate tomato, and why would you want a list of them? You can read our guide to tomato terminology here if you want to learn all the terms.
Determinate tomatoes, also known as bush tomatoes, are the type listed here. Bush tomatoes are bred to grow to a compact height, generally not more than four feet. They stop growing when the reach a certain height, normally not more than four feet. They also crop very quickly, with all of the fruit maturing over a period of a month or two. You get all your tomatoes in a short time period and then the plant is finished making tomatoes for the season.
Indeterminate tomatoes, also known as cordon tomatoes or vine tomatoes, continue to grow and produce fruit throughout the summer. Because of this, they either require staking for support, or you can leave them to lie on the ground. They keep growing and get bigger and bigger as time goes on. They keep making tomatoes over time, so you can keep picking them over an extended period.
If you have limited room in your garden or would just like to grow smaller plants and get your tomatoes over a shorter period, then determinate / bush tomatoes are the way to go.
Did we miss any of your favorite varieties? If so, leave a comment and let us know so we can add it.
The openly-pollinated determinate tomatoes come with a plant size of up to 2 feet. The fruits have very few seeds.
The determinate red tomatoes come with a slightly flattened profile. The fruit size reaches 8 oz.
These determinate tomatoes grow in abundant crops. They come with low acidity.
The semi-determinate tomatoes are characterized by bushy plants. Originating in Russia, they are suited to colder environments.
With Ukrainian roots, the semi-determinate tomatoes are characterized by a sweet flavor.
These determinate tomatoes were bred by De. Jim Gilbert of Hawaii. They have a deep red color and they are known for their sweet flavor.
With French origins, the semi-determinate tomatoes are recognizable with their long pointed shape. They are suitable for sauces.
These determinate tomatoes come from Yugoslavia. They are used in sauces, sandwiches or canning.
These determinate tomatoes come in 4-inch fruits. Their name comes from their light banana color.
The determinate tomatoes come from the Beaverlodge Research Center in Canada. With only 54 days to reach maturity, the tomatoes are suitable for colder environments.
With attractive marble flesh, the tomatoes come from seed woman Marina Danilenko. The determinate tomatoes are medium in size.
The determinate tomatoes were introduced by Luther Burbank. They are high in amino acids.
These determinate red tomatoes are already popular for shorter growing regions. The plant grows up to 3 feet.
The self-supporting indeterminate tomatoes grow on a bush. The size of the fruits measures up to 4” across.
The determinate tomatoes are suitable for salads and sandwiches. They have a deep red color.
The determinate tomatoes are very productive. They were introduced by Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds in 2004.
The red determinate tomatoes have a juicy profile. The tomatoes can be traced back to Czechoslovakia.
As a result of the Dwarf Tomato Project, the determinate tomatoes have a hybrid profile. They are a cross between Roza Vetrov and Anna Banana Russian. The tomatoes have a balanced sweet flavor.
Developed by the Dwarf Tomato Project, the determinate tomatoes are a cross between Dwarf Wild Fred and Brad’s Black Heart. They have a purple-black color.
With few seeds, the determinate tomatoes are suitable for canning. They take 60 days to mature.
These determinate tomatoes were first introduced in 1950. They are suitable for container-based growing.
The red determinate tomatoes are suitable for canning or snacking. They can grow up to 2”.
The semi-determinate tomatoes come in a pear shape form with a yellow-orange color. They are suitable for specialty salads.
With a dark red color, the determinate tomatoes grow on small plants. The fruits can reach up to 10oz.
Traced back to France, the indeterminate tomatoes can be grown in colder climates. The fruits have a deep red color.
Suitable for canning, juicing or slicing, the semi-determinate tomatoes are a cross between Wasatch Beauty and Pepper tomatoes.
The determinate cherries have a yellow to orange color. They are suitable for snacking.
The determinate cherry tomatoes have a golden color. They resist Verticillium and Mosaic viruses.
The determinate tomatoes are firm and suitable for chopping. They come in a plum-shape with a distinct golden color.
With a distinct look, the determinate tomatoes have a green color with yellow stripes. They have a long pointed shape.
The determinate tomatoes have a red color. Their fruits have the shape of pears.
The determinate yellow-orange tomatoes ripen slowly. They are suitable for high altitudes.
These determinate heirloom tomatoes come from Siberia. They produce 2-3 inch fruits.
With high acidity, the determinate tomatoes resist viruses. The fruits have blocky shapes.
The determinate tomatoes are bred to resist hot water. They are tolerant of the tobacco mosaic virus.
The determinate red tomatoes are suitable for canning. They take 76 days to mature.
High in antioxidants, the determinate tomatoes produce until frost. The red tomatoes need at least 6 hours of sun per day.
The mid-season determinate tomatoes are used for sauced and canning. They were developed for Eastern Canada and Northeast U.S.
The determinate heirloom tomatoes are used for canning and sauces. They are slightly larger than other Heinz varieties.
As their name suggests, these hybrid semi-determinate tomatoes are made for early harvest. The fruits grow up to 1/2oz.
The determinate tomatoes are thriving in hot and humid areas. They are resistant to cracking.
The determinate vines bear elongated fruits. They are larger than Roma tomatoes. The tomatoes are also higher in sugar.
The determinate tomatoes are a bred of the University of Hawaii. With a sweet flavor, the tomatoes were bred to resist bacteria and viruses.
The determinate tomatoes are high in sugar. As a result, they make great sauces.
The round determinate tomatoes grow up to 8oz. They are known to resist blight.
At 3oz, the determinate tomatoes are egg-sized. They have also been compared to plums in size.
The determinate tomatoes stay small. As a result, they can be grown in containers.
These semi-determinate tomatoes were introduced in 1979. They are suitable for winter storage.
The juicy determinate tomatoes come with an orange-red skin. They are suitable for canning.
With a red color, the determinate tomatoes are suitable for small gardens in cooler climates.
A type of large Roma, the determinate tomatoes have a plum shape. They resist popular viruses.
With a distinct Italian profile, the determinate tomatoes are known to fall off when fully ripe.
The determinate tomatoes have a sweet flavor. They are suitable for sauces.
The determinate tomatoes are suitable for sauces and soups. They have a tangy flavor.
The determinate tomatoes were introduced in 1919. They are a cross between Ponderosa and Dwarf Champion.
The determinate tomatoes are small but pear-shaped. Their fruits grow up to 0.7oz.
The determinate tomatoes are suitable for cooler climates. They mature in 63 days.
With a determinate profile, the tomatoes are sweet and suitable for early crops for cooler seasons.
The determinate wines can be grown in dry regions. The tomatoes are juicy and used for canning.
The semi-determinate tomatoes grow in clusters. Their fruits still reach up to 10oz.
The plum-shaped determinate tomatoes have a deep red color. Their 4oz fruits grow on 4-feet plants.
The dark red determinate tomatoes grow fruits of up to 4oz. They are suitable fresh or added to pasta.
These determinate heirloom tomatoes are suitable for higher altitudes and colder climates. They are used for canning and salads.
These black determinate tomatoes were developed by Tom Wagner. The cherry tomatoes still have a novelty profile as they were introduced around 2.000.
The Italian tomatoes are suitable for drying. They are determinate and they produce plum-shaped fruits.
With a distinct red color and green stripes, the determinate tomatoes are slightly larger than most cherry tomatoes.
With 54 days needed to reach maturity, the determinate tomatoes have a sweet flavor. They are consumed fresh.
These pink determinate tomatoes have a balanced flavor. They are a cross between Budai Torpe and Stump and one of the results of the Dwarf Tomato Project.
The semi-determinate yellow-orange tomatoes were developed by William Woys Wearer. They are suitable for salads.
The determinate tomatoes are known for making good sauces. Their fruits weigh between 2 and 3 ounces.
These bright red tomatoes can grow up to 6 ounces. The determinate fruits are used for sauces.
The determinate tomatoes are a cross. They come from Marglobe and J.T.D.
With a slightly flattened profile, the determinate tomatoes can be sliced. They grow to 12oz.
The red determinate tomatoes reach 10oz per fruit. They resist Fusarium Wilt Race 1 and Alternaria Stem Canker.
The semi-determinate tomatoes take 85 days to mature. Their seeds are available for purchase.
The determinate tomatoes were gifted in 1989’s Siberia by a man called Sasha. They have been seen as one of the best early producing tomatoes in the world.
These determinate tomatoes grow on 24” plants. They have Russian roots.
The determinate tomatoes were introduced in Edmonton, Canada. They are suitable for cooler areas.
The determinate red tomatoes produce 2-inch fruits. They are suitable for salads.
Made for salads or eating fresh, the determinate tomatoes produce until frost. They have thin skins.
With upright stems, the determinate vines are made for colder environments. They are recommended for early harvests.
The red determinate tomatoes have regular leaves. They come from Indian gardener Surender Katta.
The determinate red tomatoes have bushy, regular leaves. They come from Israel.
The determinate bright yellow tomatoes ripen early. They are known for heavy crops.
The determinate tomatoes are sweet and they have low acidity. They are used in salads.
The determinate yellow-orange tomatoes are suitable for hot and humid regions. They are good for slicing and sandwiches.
The red determinate tomatoes have an Italian elongated shape. They have a rich flavor and they can be used for canning.
With only 45 days needed to reach maturity, the determinate tomatoes were developed by the University of New Hampshire.
The deep red determinate tomatoes have a size of 10oz. Their leaf size is normal.
The semi-determinate tomatoes originate from Southern Italy. They are suitable for dryer regions.
The pink determinate tomatoes can be consumed fresh. The fruits have sizes of up to 8oz.
The small determinate tomatoes are quick to grow. They can be harvested in 50 days.
The round determinate tomatoes are disease-resistant. They grow on 3-feet plants.
The oval 3-ounce red fruits are planted in the fall. The determinate vines grow oval tomatoes.
Developed by the University of Wisconsin, the semi-determinate tomatoes are good for all purposes. They are not as red as Wisconsin 55.
With a red color with dark green stripes, the determinate tomatoes are suitable for salads. Their fruits reach 1-1/2 inches.
University of Maine Cooperative Extension covers How to Grow Tomatoes: Difference Between Bush and Vining
Bryan S Wayment says
On your list of determinate tomatoes, you don’t have Celebrity.
Working at a family farm market I believe this list has many tomato varieties I may never see. I believe that along with Celebrity there are quite a few more determinate tomatoes that did not make this list.
Both Bush Early Girl &
First Pick are on the list and detailed as Indeterminate. I will need to look through their indeterminate list to see if some missing determinates might be there.
Dean Smith says
I agree. Out of the 11 varieties that I have seeding, only one was on this list. Even Jubilee is missing.
Ron Mcpherson says
Celebrity is considered a semi-determinate because it has limited growth but continues producing through a long season.
Diana J Swanson says
Are cherry and super sweet 100 considered determinate?
I believe super sweet are indeterminate, I grow them up a trellis.
Super Sweet 100s are indeterminate as are sweet 100s.
Rolande Theriault says
San Marzano is indeterminate “Wikipedia”
Anne Rowan says
Alternaria solanii, Alternaria tomatophila
Early Blight is the most common tomato disease in more humid areas. It is a form of Alternaria Blight that first manifests itself as irregular shaped dark brown concentric spots on the shaded lower leaves. These slowly enlarge and merge and badly infected leaves eventually die (those at the bottom of the plant first and then progressing upward). There may also be dark sunken lesions on the stem and the fruit may rot from the stem end and drop. It likes warm (85 degrees F) wet weather.
Early Blight most commonly attacks tomato and potato, but occasionally pepper and eggplant are affected too (though not usually as badly). Potatoes usually show signs of infection as they enter the flowering stage.
This fungus overwinters on weeds and decaying crop debris and spores may be transferred by rain, wind, tools, flea beetles and other insects. Minimize its effects by keeping your plants well fed and watered, as stressed plants are more susceptible. Mulch and stake tomato plants to keep soil from splashing onto the leaves. Staking also helps by improving sunlight penetration and air circulation (some gardeners deliberately prune off the lower leaves too). Avoid wetting plant leaves when irrigating (or water in the morning or early evening so they can dry out quickly). Rotate crops for 3 years. Remove infected plants.
This disease can also be transmitted on infected seed, so if you suspect a problem give them a hot water seed treatment at 127 degrees F for 25 minutes (or 1 part bleach to 10 parts water for 30 minutes).
Image: Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org
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The main crop in some home gardens, and for the home gardener are tomatoes that deliver the taste of summer in every bite. Just a few healthy plants will produce buckets of beautiful Tomatoes loaded with flavor and nutrition. Tomatoes run on warmth, so they are best planted in late spring and early summer except in Zone 10, where they are a fall and winter crop. Choosing varieties can be confusing because there is such a large of selection of seeds to choose from, but it’s a good idea to plant some of each for variety and length of season. Devote a prime, sunny spot for your tomatoes, which will grow into a tall screen of green foliage studded with ripening fruits in mid- to late summer. Tomatoes need at least 8 hours of sun to bring out their best flavors, and you will need to stake, trellis, or cage the sprawling plants to keep them off the ground. Deciding on a support plan before you set out your tomato plants out is suggested.
You can combine fast-maturing varieties with mid and late season, but wait until any danger of frost has passed to transplant your tomatoes.